More than 5,000 people die every year while walking when hit by a moving vehicle. That’s an average of one pedestrian dying in a collision every 1.6 hours, according to the Center for Disease Control. Nearly 129,000 pedestrians are also involved in car collisions with serious enough injuries to warrant a trip to the E.R.
Speed is a factor in the vast majority of accidents. Speed increases both the risk and severity of injuries. Speed bumps and parking stops are ways to improve safety for drivers and pedestrians.
Speed bumps are typically three to six inches in height and force drivers to reduce speed, making it safer for pedestrians and other drivers. Drivers need to approach speed bumps at speed of 5 mph or less, which is why they are particularly effective. Going over at higher speeds can damage vehicles.
Because they are easy to spot, they provide a visual reminder for drivers to slow down and pay attention. It sends a clear message that this is not a place to speed. Research shows speed bumps have a long-lasting effect because they are always present. Signs telling drivers to “slow down,” or “speed not to exceed” signs lose their effectiveness as drivers become used to seeing them.
Parking stops help with safety by giving drivers a guide to make sure they are pulling all the way into a parking spot and avoid the end of the vehicle sticking out into the path of other vehicles. They also help to prevent drivers from pulling into unsafe or unwanted areas, like sidewalks, grass, or pedestrian walkways.
Parking stops have traditionally been made of concrete, but manufacturers also make rubber, plastic, and recycled rubber versions.
Parking lots can be dangerous places. 1 in 5 vehicle accidents in the United States occurs in a parking lot and an even higher number of those result in serious or severe injuries. The combination of speed bumps and parking stops in parking lots are an extremely effective way to slow drivers down, make drivers more conscious of their surroundings, and improve overall safety.